Samyama on External Objects
by Swami Sivananda
(1) ON THE SUN
By Samyama on the Sun comes the knowledge of the worlds.
Bhuvanas are Lokas or worlds. All Lokas are included in one Brahmanda. There are seven upper worlds and seven lower worlds as given below:
HIGHER WORLDS LOWER WORLDS
1. Bhu Loka 1. Sutala Loka
2. Bhuvar Loka 2. Vitala Loka
3. Swar Loka 3. Talatala Loka
4. Mahar Loka 4. Mahatala Loka
5. Jana Loka 5. Rasatala Loka
6. Tapo Loka 6. Atala Loka
7. Satya Loka 7. Patala Loka
(2) ON THE MOON
By Samyama on the moon, comes the knowledge of the regions of stars.
(3) ON THE POLE STAR
By Samyama on the Pole Star, comes the knowledge of the movements of the stars.
(4) SAMYAMA ON ELEPHANT
By Samyama on the strength of elephants and others, comes their strength.
By practising Samyama on Hanuman, the Yogi gets the power of Hanuman. By Samyama on Vayu, he gets the powers of Vayu. In this way by doing Samyama on any object, you will get its power.
(5) SAMYAMA ON THE FORM OF BODY
By Samyama on the form of the body, the power of comprehension being checked, and the connection between the eye and light being severed, comes the disappearance of the body.
The body is made up of five Tattvas. On account of colour, the body becomes an object of perception. When the Yogi does Samyama with reference to the form of the body, the operation of the perceptibility of colour which is responsible for perception of the body is checked. The Yogi severes the connection between the light of his body and the eye of the perceiver. Hence disappearance of his body follows. The same holds true of the other organs also. He can do Samyama on the sounds, touches, tastes and smells; their perceptibility being checked, there is no contact with the tympanum, skin, tongue, nose. Therefore, these disappear. Yogi has got the power of separating the form from the materials which go to constitute his body.
(6) SAMYAMA ON SENSE-ORGANS
By this the making of words, etc., disappear is explained.
Refer to the previous Sutra. The Yogi does Samyama and disconnects the contact of the sounds, touches, tastes and smells from the tympanum, skin, tongue and nose respectively. Then disappearance of these take place.
(7) SAMYAMA ON THE SIGNS
By Samyama on the signs (of others), comes the knowledge of their minds.
When the Yogi does Samyama on certain signs, such as the complexion, voice, or any such sign on the body of others, he understands the state or the nature of the mind of others. Some astrologers give predictions correctly by doing Samyama on the signs of his clients and by studying their minds.
(8) SAMYAMA ON MIND
(By Samyama on the signs) not the contents of the mind, for the subject is beyond.
In the previous Sutra it is stated that one can have the knowledge of the nature of mind by doing Samyama on the signs. This Sutra states that one can know the nature of the mind by that and not the contents of the mind, i.e., the particular thought of mind. In order to know the contents another man's mind, the Yogi performs a second Samyama on the heart (III-35).
(9) SAMYAMA ON TIME
By Samyama on a small point of time comes the discriminative knowledge.
Kshana is the smallest unit of time that cannot be further divided. By doing Samyama on this smallest unit of time and the order in which they follow one another comes discrimination of everything which helps the Yogi to free himself from the tempting invitation of Devas. Years, months and days are made up of Kshana only. Kshana constitutes time. There is slight interval between two Kshanas. There is nothing which is not related to time. Therefore, by Samyama on Kshana, the Yogi surely gets knowledge of everything. Therefore he cannot be allured by the false representation of the Devas. Two moments cannot co-exist. The uninterrupted sequence of the first moment and of the one which follows, is what is called succession or order.
(10) EFFECT OF SAMYAMA ON TIME
The similar things are thereby (by Samyama) distinguished when not separately differentiated by class, characteristics and position.
Things are generally differentiated by the class or species, peculiar characteristics and place. When all these three fail to differentiate the things, the discrimination that is described in the above Sutra will doubtless help the Yogi. This is a horse. This is brown-coloured horse. This is the differentiation by Lakshana or signs. That camel is in front. This elephant is behind. This is the differentiation by place. All such knowledge can be had by Samyama on time. Discrimination will bring the knowledge of Purusha. The ignorance which is the root cause for human sufferings and tribulations, which makes you identify yourself with the physical body will be destroyed thereby.
(11) SAMYAMA ON EAR AND ETHER
By Samyama on the relation of the ear and ether, comes the divine hearing.
The Yogi can hear any subtle sound from any distance through this Samyama, by simple willing. He acquires the full power of the organ of hearing. Similarly by connecting with the Adhistana-bhutas (Vayu, Tejas, Apas and Prithvi), he can acquire the full powers of other organs also.
(12) SAMYAMA ON ETHER AND BODY
By Samyama on the relation between ether and body, to the Yogi, attaining the lightness of cotton, comes the power of passage through ether (air).
The body becomes very light by the practice of Samyama on the relation between ether and body or on the lightness of cotton. Hence the Yogi can move anywhere in the space like a bird. He can walk on the string of a spider's web. He can move along the rays of the sun.
Those who know Sammohana Vidya or Indrajala also can move in the air. But, this is Jala (trick) only. Not real. He remains in the ground only. If you take any photograph, you will not get picture of the man in the air. A Hatha Yogi who has Siddhi in Khechari Mudra can also fly in the air.